Alveoloplasty (Bone Shaping)

Alveoloplasty (Bone Shaping)

Alveoloplasty is a surgical pre-prosthetic procedure performed to facilitate removal of teeth, and smoothen or reshape the jawbone for prosthetic and cosmetic purposes. 

In this procedure, the bony edges of the alveolar ridge and its surrounding structures is made smooth, redesigned or recontoured so that a well-fitting, comfortable, and esthetic prosthesis may be fabricated or implants may be surgically inserted. 

This pre-prosthetic surgery which may include bone grafting prepares the mouth to receive a prosthesis or implants by improving the condition and quality of the supporting structures so they can provide support, better retention and stability to the prosthesis. After tooth extraction, the residual crest irregularities, undercuts or bone spicules should be removed, because they may result in an obstruction in placing a prosthetic restorative appliance. Recontouring can be made at the time of extraction or at a later time.

Preparation for alveoloplasty procedure

Alveoloplasty is a dental surgical procedure. In most cases, this procedure is done with tooth extractions. However, there are cases, where alveoloplasty is done as a standalone procedure to prepare jawbone for further dental implants etc.

These advices depend upon pre-existing conditions of individuals but, usually, the surgeon suggest the following:

Personalized recommendations: Like fingerprint and iris pattern, our jawbone is unique. Our jawbone’s thickness, shape, size, bump, ridge etc depends upon our genes, general health, dental health, etc. 

Food and drink: Generally, the doctor would recommend no water or food after midnight just before alveoloplasty. This is recommended because most patients are usually given intravenous (IV) anaesthesia for alveoloplasty procedure.

Rest and relax: The doctor would always advise you to relax, de-stress and rest before alveoloplasty. It is always good for you to have a good sleep a night before alveoloplasty procedure.


The procedure is fairly simple. If done right after an extraction, the dentist simply rounds up the uneven parts and leaves a smooth bone, that also speeds up the process of healing. It helps the further wear of fixed and mobile appliances. If done in a certain period after the extraction, the dentist has to do a cut or open a gum flap to get access to the bone. Then with the help of special instruments, they smoothen the surface. This usually requires stitches, but the recovery period is fast and easy.